By Frans H. van Eemeren, Rob Grootendorst
Gurus in argumentation thought current a view of argumentation as a way of resolving modifications of opinion by way of checking out the acceptability of the disputed positions. Their version of a "critical discussion" serves as a theoretical software for studying, comparing and generating argumentative discourse. This significant contribution to the research of argumentation can be of specific price to execs and graduate scholars in speech communique, casual good judgment, rhetoric, serious pondering, linguistics, and philosophy.
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Additional resources for A Systematic Theory of Argumentation: The Pragma-Dialectical Approach
We are primarily interested in describing those parts of empirical reality that are directly relevant to our reconstruction activities, that fall within our theoretical scope, and that correspond to our philosophy of reasonableness. In the empirical domain, we try to give justiﬁed descriptions of argumentative reality. ” It is important to be aware of this reductionism from the start and to ask ourselves what kind of reductionism we are exactly aiming for and whether we can afford it. In our view, empirical descriptions of argumentative reality should in the ﬁrst place concentrate on what is relevant for the analytical reconstruction of argumentative discourse and texts in the light of our philosophically motivated theory.
What kind of starting points and what kind of argument schemes work best on a particular type of audience? If the rabbi wants to carry out a reconstruction oriented toward the resolution of a difference of opinion, proceeding on the basis of critical-rationalist premises and making use of pragma-dialectical theoretical insights, his empirical descriptions will be concentrated on the process of convincing. In this case, he is primarily interested in how arguers resolve a difference of opinion by removing all doubt from the standpoint that is defended.
Both approaches also display dialectical traits, but they can both, despite all of the differences between them, be placed in the rhetorical tradition without much difﬁculty. The construction of Toulmin’s model is based on what Toulmin sees as the rationality of legal procedures. In his view, argumentative discussions in other areas proceed in an analogous fashion. Toulmin’s model comes down to a schematic diagram of the procedural form of argumentation, which is in his view the same in all areas (or “ﬁelds”) of argumentation.