By Craig Hanson
What's dependancy? Why perform a little humans develop into addicted whereas others don't? Is the addict rational? during this publication, Craig Hanson makes an attempt to respond to those questions and extra. utilizing insights from the beginnings of philosophy to modern behavioral economics, Hanson makes an attempt to evaluate the range of how during which we will and can't, comprehend habit. distinct attention is given to a hard (and arguable) notion dubbed "hyperbolic discounting." Hanson proposes a few variations to the hyperbolic discounting view that allow it to provide an explanation for not just dependancy, but additionally a number of mental maladies, comparable to self-deception.
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What's habit? Why perform a little humans turn into addicted whereas others don't? Is the addict rational? during this ebook, Craig Hanson makes an attempt to reply to those questions and extra. utilizing insights from the beginnings of philosophy to modern behavioral economics, Hanson makes an attempt to evaluate the diversity of how within which we will be able to and can't, comprehend dependancy.
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Additional info for Thinking about Addiction: Hyperbolic Discounting and Responsible Agency. (Value Inquiry Book)
Citing the aphorism “‘ought’ implies ‘can,’” Elster declares it pointless to declare either irrational. Presumably, this claim requires that we accept the thesis that a person’s action is not rationally appraisable if that person’s action results from forces beyond the person’s control. I will revisit this contention in Chapter Five, when I argue that we can create a model of hyperbolic discounting which accommodates the rationality and possibility of Ainslie’s proposed “solution” to the irrationalities of hyperbolic discounting.
If this proposal is correct, and if we introduce visceral taste into the account, we would expect to find cases of addiction where the object of addictive desire is available, where an agent has acquired a visceral taste for the object, and where choices over which to consume are made hyperbolically. Visceral taste originates the addiction, and hyperbolic discounting promotes it. Therefore, I conclude that Ainslie’s Hyperbolic Discounting Model of hu- Addiction from the Behavioral Economist’s Point-of-View 29 man valuation ought to be conjoined with a (weak) visceral account to accommodate a full theory of addiction.
We are left with the messiness of differing rates of discounting. Following Skog’s (1999) methodology, let us consider two cases: one case of high and another of low future discounting. If a person discounts the future highly, then engaging in a series of choices that leads to addiction is rational. A person who starts out abstinent and wishes to consider using alcohol will discount the future enough that the present benefits of using outweigh the future negative consequences of doing so. Because of the heavy discounting rate, when their satisfied preferences are tallied, usage is rationally proscribed.