Download The Uruguay Round and Beyond: The Final Report from the Ford by John Whalley PDF

By John Whalley

This is a document approximately constructing state participation either within the present Uruguay around and past, arguing that over the publish struggle years a weather of distrust has advanced among built and constructing international locations over alternate issues.

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Additional info for The Uruguay Round and Beyond: The Final Report from the Ford Foundation Supported Project on Developing Countries and the Global Trading System

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NEW ISSUES AND THE COVERAGE OF THE SYSTEM Recent years have also seen differences of view between developed and developing coWltries on the coverage of the trading system, which have added further to the negotiating obstacles and the climate of mistrust. What items are to be discussed in trade negotiations, and by whom, and on what terms~ For many years, developing coWltries have seen the GAIT as a rich man's club. 4' Outside of issues of tariff escalation and the, on average, small tariffs which apply to tropical products, they have argued that there is little in the GAIT that either reflects or harnesses their interests in trade matters.

90 The Cairns Group includes Australia, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Hungary, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Thailand and Uruguay. See the discussion of the Cairns group in Hamilton and Whalley (1988). 91 This changed view is also expressed in Kihwan (1986) who acknowledges "developing countries are likely to be asked to give up or at least modify the special and differential treatment they are currently receiving under Part IV and other provisions of GATI. A major benefit to developing countries of taking either step would be that the MFN principle, and therefore the multilateral trading system, would be greatly strengthened".

There have also been coalitions involving developed and developing countries, such as the Cairns Group90 in agriculture which was active during the launch, and has continued subsequently. '1 While not a rejection of Special and Differential treatment, it is an affirmation that developing countries are willing to pursue other negotiating objectives. This change in approach is all the more impressive because of the political and other costs for the developing countries involved in altering their strategy.

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