By Mara Beller, Arthur Fine (auth.), Jan Faye, Henry J. Folse (eds.)
Since the Niels Bohr centenary of 1985 there was an impressive overseas surge of scholarly analyses of Bohr's philosophy. Now for the 1st time in Niels Bohr and modern Philosophy Jan Faye and Henry Folse have introduced jointly 16 of state-of-the-art top authors who've helped mildew this new around of discussions on Bohr's philosophy. In fifteen totally new, formerly unpublished essays we find a shocking number of the various elements of Bohr because the normal thinker whose `framework of complementarity' formed the ultimate part of the quantum revolution and encouraged generations of the century's best physicists. there's a lot on which the authors incorporated the following agree; yet there also are polar disagreements, which guarantee us that the philosophical questions revolving round Bohr's `new standpoint' will remain a topic of scholarly curiosity and dialogue for years to come.
This assortment will curiosity all critical scholars of historical past and philosophy of technology, and foundations of physics.
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Additional resources for Niels Bohr and Contemporary Philosophy
Heisenberg responded to this claim by deducing the uncertainty relations, redefining the path of a particle in statistical terms and defending the "completeness" of the quantum formalism. Yet from the beginning Heisenberg also perceived the uncertainty relations as a test for the consistency of quantum theory. If one could transcend in a thought experiment the limits of the uncertainty relations, quantum theory would be wrong, or inconsistent. Bohr accepted this meaning of the uncertainty relations, as well as Heisenberg's analogy between the role of the uncertainty relations in quantum theory and the limit on the velocity of light in relativity: "..
Contrary to what one might suppose, it seems that Bohr himself had little tolerance for ambiguity. BOHR 'S RESPONSE TO EPR 17 Curious then his use of 'define', for that word has a wide spectrum of uses . Two of these figure prominently in Bohr's writings. One is where ' define' is used to indicate discrimination, in place of terms like 'specify' or 'determine' or ' fix'. We say, "I can define the costs better if you give me more information". "The weight of this last parcel will define the load limit".
Thus the measurement arrangement Bohr proposes is that of a diaphragm with two parallel slits through which two particles pass simultaneously. At the time of passage we know the difference of the particles' position XI - X 2 which is equal to the distance between the slits, we can also know the sum PI + P2 of the corresponding components of the two particles' momenta, by measuring the momentum of the diaphragm before as well as after the passing of the particles. Because XI - X 2 commutes with P I + P 2, we can, by measuring Xl' calculate X2 from the knowledge of Xl - X 2 • We can also choose to measure PI and then calculate P2• Why can we not do both?