Download Morality, Moral Luck and Responsibility: Fortune's Web by N. Athanassoulis PDF

By N. Athanassoulis

This publication considers varied techniques to ethical luck--the Aristotelian vulnerability to elements outdoors the agent's keep watch over and the Kantian ambition to make morality proof against luck--and concludes that either ways have extra in universal than formerly inspiration. while, it additionally considers contemporary advancements within the box of advantage ethics and neo-kantianism.

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Morality, Moral Luck and Responsibility: Fortune's Web

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Sample text

The Aristotelian approach draws a distinction between natural tendencies, the object of luck, and rational choices and developed dispositions, the objects of morality. However, as we shall see, it is not that easy to escape the charge that deep down humans are restricted by their make-up. What makes some of our positive natural tendencies into affirmed dispositions and leads us to abandon other less-favourable tendencies is our reason. However, why should we suppose that reason is immune to luck?

2 Constitutive luck Cases of constitutive luck seem to pose the most extreme problems for our notions of responsibility and equality. The influence of constitutive luck plays havoc with our intuitions that we all at least start off equally with respect to the moral sphere, and that everyone has an equal footing from which to make the moral decisions we hold them responsible for. Constitutive luck affects who we are and poses the most fundamental questions for responsibility, for how can we be responsible for what we do if who we are is not up to us?

This introductory chapter has tried to raise the possibility of these questions and this book will try to show how certain theories provide different answers to them. Questions about how we should deal with moral luck relate to our fundamental understanding of what it is to be human and what it means to be a moral being. Is luck an inalienable and unavoidable part of human life? A part which also makes life rich and fulfilling? Or is it an attack on our independence and essentially human autonomy?

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