By Jason Alvis
This booklet examines a few of the encounters among Jean-Luc Marion and Jacques Derrida on “the gift,” considers their many ameliorations on “desire,” and demonstrates how those themes carry the keys to a couple of phenomenology’s so much urgent structural questions, specifically concerning “deconstructive” ways in the box. The booklet claims that the subject of hope is a imperative lynchpin to knowing the 2 thinkers’ clash over the present, for the reward is reducible to the “desire to give,” which initiates a flip to the subject of “generosity.” To what measure may perhaps loving additionally suggest giving? How a long way may well or not it's recommended that love is reducible to wish and intentionality? it really is confirmed how Derrida (the generative “father” of deconstruction) rejects the potential for any strength relation among the present and wish at the account that hope is sure to calculative repetition, low-cost appropriation, and subject-centered pursuits that prevent deconstruction. while Marion (a consultant of the phenomenological culture) calls for a different union among the reward and wish, that are either represented in his “reduction to givenness” and “erotic reduction.”
The publication is the 1st broad try to contextualize the stark transformations among Marion and Derrida in the phenomenological legacy (Husserl, Heidegger, Kant), offers readers with in-depth bills of the subjects of the reward, love, and hope, and demonstrates one other skill during which the showing of phenomena will be understood, particularly, in response to the generosity of things.
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Additional info for Marion and Derrida on The Gift and Desire: Debating the Generosity of Things
4 The Tasks of This Book: A Debate Over Phenomenology 31 and in relation to the aporia, one experiences a tense profusion of desires for the seemingly opposite demands of gift and economy, which frustratingly culminates in indecision. The gift can be “at play” in time, but cannot “happen” as a result of the intent to give because the gift cannot be derivative of one’s desire, in part because desire is reflective of a past experience. It is indeed not “the gesture that counts” when it comes to giving, for an act of generosity, if anything, inhibits a gift’s happening, which must take place beyond the conscious experience of the individual.
Whereas for Marion, intentionality is distinct from desire, which is of great interest to him and can play a number of roles in Marion’s phenomenology of the gift, the adonné, and givenness. Thus, Marion’s phenomenology marks a certain union between gift and desire. The general argument proposed here is that Derrida’s deconstruction is marked by the disjunction between gift and desire, whereas Marion’s phenomenology demands a unique union between the two. Such an argument allows for a more detailed understanding of the differences between Derrida’s deconstruction and Marion’s phenomenology, which represent a significant tension in phenomenology more generally today.
79 Thus, givenness is not the grand Ursprung or originating “cause” of the gift, but instead is implicated at every turn of every experience one has with a gift’s being given. The reduction to givenness is not a way for a “subject” pated perception or in the frustrated expectation of affection, indeed desire. ” Jean-Luc Marion. Being Given: Toward a Phenomenology of Givenness, trans. Jeffrey Kosky (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2002), p. 55. Then again, on page 59, Marion confirms that there are no exceptions to givenness:”It follows that the denial of givenness can be neither thought nor accomplished – since denegation, whatever it denies, implies its own givenness inasmuch as it claims to deny, contest, oppose, in short perform here and now.