Download Global Competitiveness and Innovation: An Agent-Centered by Paul Tracey, Gordon L. Clark PDF

By Paul Tracey, Gordon L. Clark

The most important arguments and debates approximately globalization have raised looking out questions about the importance of nationwide and neighborhood borders for the aggressive concepts of people, enterprises and industries. worldwide Competitiveness and Innovation seeks to handle those matters by way of exploring 4 key issues: The prestige of monetary brokers within the rising international economic system; the bounds of direction dependence and the scope of agent motion; the connection among brokers' decision-making and their environments; and brokers' studying capacities in a global of data and information construction.

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Can sometimes be little more than the determination of logical conclusions from predetermined assumptions. Weaknesses 27 1. Capitalism may be understood by examining differences in the economic, political and social institutional structures of societies. 2. Institutions provide the strategic context for agents’ decision making. 3. Institutions are the most important influence on human behaviour, forming the boundaries of individuals’ options and choices. 4. Assumes that human behaviour is essentially rational and predictable.

Instead, because of the complexity involved in social processes and because of the range of possible unanticipated outcomes inherent in decision-making, they often rely on precedents and routinised action-oriented procedures. More significantly, the questioning of fundamental assumptions can sometimes generate or give added support to powerful organisational defence mechanisms that bind agents to the past: empirically, agents are often uncomfortable with change in unstructured or ambiguous situations (Argyris 1990, Morgan 1997).

All three approaches to comparative study can be disputed. At best, they provide a partial recipe for research, and the ideas and assumptions disregarded by each often form the basis of competing methods of comparative study. Furthermore, research questions often tend towards particular models, which may form the most suitable approach in particular circumstances. For example, the theory-centred approach is surely most appropriate for testing generality. It would be a mistake to imagine that the case-centred approach is better suited to this purpose: in many respects the objective of research in this instance presupposes the kind of model to be used.

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