By Edward Teller
Fusion, quantity I: Magnetic Confinement, half A is the 1st of the two-part quantity that covers the complexity and alertness of managed magnetic fusion.
This e-book is split into seven chapters and begins with a quick old assessment and a few houses of managed fusion. the next chapters care for the rules, thermodynamic balance, and configuration of Tokamak plasma. those issues are via discussions of the diversities and alertness of stellarators; the innovations of reflect concept; and the institution of the experimental foundation of the mirror-confinement physics. The final bankruptcy makes a speciality of the foundations, configuration, and alertness of the reversed-field pinch.
This booklet will end up priceless to physicists, physics scholars, and researchers.
Read or Download Fusion. Magnetic Confinement, Part A PDF
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Extra info for Fusion. Magnetic Confinement, Part A
Fortunately, the fast MHD modes have been understood since the middle 1950s and can be eliminated with proper care. More recently, attention has been focused on successively more subtle and complicated collective effects, making the study of stability a rather specialized one which would require many volumes to treat exhaustively. It would now appear that all the generic types of instabilities associated with confined plasmas have probably been theoretically identified. At least, no new instabilities have been uncovered in the past ten years.
H. RUTHERFORD of the magnetic field, and it is only if the plasma can move to a region of lower field that its energy may decrease. * geometries as a possible stable confinement system. The importance of this concept was demonstrated in the classic experiment of Ioffe and Sobolev (1965). Consider a simple axisymmetric magnetic mirror machine, shown in Fig. 4. The strength of the magnetic field increases as one moves away from the center in the axial direction, but decreases as one moves in the radial direc tion.
H. RUTHERFORD remain as possible sources of instability. Here, we would expect the unstable modes to have low frequency. Hence we may incorporate the simplifying features of adiabatic orbit theory into the description of particle dynamics. We must also expect the geometrical complexities of the plasma and field configuration to be of importance here, and we devote the rest of this chapter to a discussion of this case. E. Stability in Closed Systems Just as the constraint μ = const [the constraint (b) of Section III,C] played a key role in the discussion of minimum-U systems, it turns out that the MHD behavior of closed systems is really dominated by Ohm's law [the constraint (c) of Section III,C].