By William Crockett, Stanley N. Gundry, John F. Walvoord, Zachary J. Hayes, Clark H. Pinnock
Such a lot modern Christians recognize the doctrine of hell, yet they would really no longer take into consideration how God punishes the depraved. The authors of 4 perspectives on Hell meet this topic head-on with assorted perspectives on what the Scriptures say. Is hell to be understood actually as a spot of everlasting smoke and flames? Or are such photographs easily metaphors for a true yet various kind of punishment? Is there this sort of factor as 'conditional immortality,' during which God annihilates the souls of the depraved instead of punishing them perpetually? Is there a Purgatory, and if this is the case, how does it healthy into the image? The interactive Counterpoints discussion board permits the reader to determine the 4 perspectives on hell---literal, metaphorical, conditional, and purgatorial---in interplay with one another. every one view in flip is gifted, critiqued, and defended. This evenhanded strategy is perfect for evaluating and contrasting perspectives which will shape a private end approximately one in every of Christianity's key doctrines. The Counterpoints sequence presents a discussion board for comparability and critique of other perspectives on matters vital to Christians. Counterpoints books handle different types: Church lifestyles and Bible and Theology. entire your library with different books within the Counterpoints sequence.
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Extra info for Four Views on Hell (Counterpoints Series)
Behind these two words is the image of fire, a picture often used to describe hell in antiquity. In Matthew 13:49-50 Jesus talks about the Last Judgment: 29 30 31 This is how it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous and throw ^Werner E. Lemke, "Gehenna," in Harper's Bible Dictionary, ed. Paul J. Achtemeier (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1985), 335. ^Lieberman, Texts and Studies, 2 3 6 - 3 9 . See Hans Bietenhard, "Hell," in The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology, ed.
Does this sound like a literal place? Or does God communi cate truth to people in ways they can understand at their particular time in history? The apostle Paul thinks of the coming 27 27 The twelve foundations stones in Rev. 2 1 : 9 - 2 1 are based on (though not identical with) the earlier list of twelve stones adorning Aaron's breastplate (Exod. 2 8 : 1 7 - 2 1 ) . W e should not think the stones are meant to be literal. Actually, the most precious are missing: ". . the ancients, lacking modern mineralogical methods, distinguished stones largely by color.
1:14). Fire is also used figuratively for discord (Luke 12:49), judgment (1 Cor. 3:15), sexual desire (1 Cor. 7:9), and unruly words (James 3 : 5 - 6 ) . As we can see, fire in Jewish and early Christian writings is regularly used to create a mood of seriousness or reverence, often having little to do with the material world of intense heat. When the writers use fire to describe judgment or hell, they use a convenient image that will demonstrate the burning wrath of God. If we try to squeeze images that were meant to be symbolic into literal molds, we ill-serve the cause of Christ.