Download Food Insecurity, Vulnerability and Human Rights Failure by Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis, Shabd S. Acharya, Benjamin Davis PDF

By Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis, Shabd S. Acharya, Benjamin Davis

This quantity discusses the importance of human rights ways to nutrients and how it pertains to gender issues, addressing hyperlinks among starvation and the HIV/AIDS pandemic, agricultural productiveness and the surroundings.

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Extra resources for Food Insecurity, Vulnerability and Human Rights Failure (Studies in Development Economics and Policy)

Sample text

The problem was compounded by the relatively high rate of population growth. Tackling the problems of food shortage and the provision of food security for the rapidly increasing population was, therefore, the priority area of development planning at that time (Bhalla 1994). For analysing the evolution of food policy and agricultural development strategy, the period after India’s independence can be divided into four phases; namely, 1947 to the mid-1960s, the mid-1960s to the early 1980s, the 1980s, and from the early 1990s to the present day.

Several aspects of the FCI’s operations need to be noted. First, both the purchase price (support price) and the issue price are determined by the government. Second, around 70 per cent of the FCI’s total expenditures for procurement and distribution are spent on items over which it has no control (Acharya 1997; GoI 2002b). The same costs would also have to be incurred by private trade unless it were able to evade some of the statutory taxes/charges (Acharya 1997). Third, losses occurring during storage and transit are estimated to be around one per cent which, in comparison to private channels, is not unduly high.

Furthermore, many crops are not covered by the support policy. It is also being argued that subsidies on farm inputs cannot be seen in isolation from the multiple subsidies in other sectors of the economy, and consequently their withdrawal is less painful. Total subsidies in the union budget alone (unrecovered cost of non-public goods) were estimated at Rs1,158 billion in 2003/4 (GoI 2005), including subsidies on liquefied petroleum gas and kerosene. Direct food and other assistance programmes Apart from food production and agricultural development programmes, the problem of food insecurity and malnutrition at the household level was tackled through measures such as direct food assistance, wage employment, food-for-work and certain other welfare schemes.

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