Download Essentials of Sociology by David B. Brinkerhoff, Lynn K. White, Suzanne T. Ortega, Rose PDF

By David B. Brinkerhoff, Lynn K. White, Suzanne T. Ortega, Rose Weitz

Decide up the sociology textbook that is helping you research, is straightforward to learn, and has the research aids outfitted correct in. necessities OF SOCIOLOGY takes real-world situations and exhibits you ways to take advantage of sociology to research them. And with its up-to-date foreign concentration, you'll know about different cultures whereas learning your individual besides. necessities OF SOCIOLOGY is extra concise and with extra examples than ever sooner than, making category time extra enjoyable and attempt time much less demanding.

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2. Structural inequality. Inequalities in power and reward are built into all social structures. Individuals and groups that benefit from any particular structure strive to see it maintained. 3. Social change. Change occurs as a result of conflict between competing interests rather than through adaptation. It is often abrupt and revolutionary rather than evolutionary and is often helpful rather than harmful. Using Conflict Theory Like structural functionalists, conflict theorists are interested in social structures.

This means that they rely on empirical research—research based on systematic examination of the evidence—before reaching any conclusions and expect researchers to evaluate that evidence in an unbiased, objective fashion. This empirical approach is what distinguishes the social sciences from journalism and other fields that comment on the human condition. Sociology differs from the other social sciences in its particular focus. Anthropologists are primarily interested in human (and nonhuman) culture.

Of course, people act out this drama a little differently each time, depending on the scenery, the people in the lead roles, and the century, but the essentials are the same. Thus, we can read nineteenth- or even sixteenth-century love stories and still understand why those people did what they did. They were playing roles in a play that is still performed daily. More formal definitions will be introduced later, but the metaphor of the theater can be used now to introduce two of the most basic concepts in sociology: role and social structure.

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