Download Essays on Philosophy, Politics & Economics: Integration & by Christi Favor, Gerald Gaus, Julian Lamont PDF

By Christi Favor, Gerald Gaus, Julian Lamont

This quantity brings jointly special philosophers with interdisciplinary services to teach how the assets of philosophy could be hired within the initiatives of comparing economics and fostering coverage debates. participants supply analyses of simple rules in economics, corresponding to the idea of potency, "economic man", incentives, self-interest, and application maximization. They talk about key ideas in political thought resembling desolate tract, reimbursement, autonomy, equality, consent or equity. The ebook then deals examples of ways philosophical assets could be utilized to precise, well timed debates, corresponding to discrimination, affirmative motion, and moral issues in Social safety. those functions reveal how philosophy, politics, and economics might be fruitfully mixed, whereas the extra theoretical chapters make clear basic relationships throughout those similar disciplines. eventually, the textual content publications scholars and students in increasing their views as they technique the unavoidably advanced learn questions of at the present time and the following day.

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Additional resources for Essays on Philosophy, Politics & Economics: Integration & Common Research Projects (Stanford Economics and Finance)

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Harsanyi, “Can the Maximum Principle Serve as the Basis for Morality? ” Theory and Decision, 6 (1976): 311–32; and “Bayesian Decision Theory and Utilitarian Ethics,” American Economic Review, 68 (1977): 223–28. 36. A. ” 37. J. Rawls, Theory of Justice, ch. 3. 38. J. Rawls, “Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory,” Journal of Philosophy, 77 (1980): 515–73. 39. J. Buchanan and G. Tullock, The Calculus of Consent (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1962), ch. 6. 40. , 78. 41. , 73–74. 42. J.

2 The modern theory of utility includes a construction, which ensures that the value of any gamble is simply its expected utility, and a natural extension of this construction supports a utilitarian sum-ranking approach to the evaluation of policies. By a careful definition of functions of individual utilities, sets of which define the components on which a social aggregation rule operates, we can hold on to a utilitarian-type sum-ranking rule and also defend it against many standard objections. 3 To give a historical perspective, utilitarianism came into prominence in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, especially in England.

3. 22. D. , Foundations of Measurement (New York: Academic Press, 1971); S. S. Stevens, Mathematics, Measurement, and Psychophysics: Handbook of Experimental Psychology (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1951). 23. ” For the role of continuity in expected-utility constructions, see M. Hausner, “Multidimensional Utilities,” Decision Processes, ed. R. M. Th rall, et al. (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1954); and J. S. Chipman, “Non-Archimedian Behavior Under Risk: an Elementary Analysis—with Applications to the Theory of Assets,” Preferences, Utility, and Demand, ed.

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