Download Dynamic Macroeconomics with Imperfect Competition by Dr. Leo Kaas (auth.) PDF

By Dr. Leo Kaas (auth.)

This thesis used to be prompted for the duration of my participation in a examine undertaking on Dynamic Macroeconomics, supported by way of the German examine origin (DFG). the start line was once the crucial query of the way to combine rate environment businesses in a dynamic disequilibrium version. just about all contemporary literature on imperfect festival in macroeconomics applies the target call for method by means of assuming that organisations be aware of the genuine call for curve they're confronted with. whereas this strategy might be ap­ plied in transitority financial equilibrium types, it proves insufficient for formulating fee adjustment in a dynamic disequilibrium version, the place it needs to be changed by means of the idea that of subjective call for. in accordance with this contrast, the thesis starts off out with a comparability of the options of subjective and aim call for in an summary framework and surveys the literature on common equilibrium thought with imperfect pageant. the target call for method is criticized not just at the grounds of its powerful rationality specifications and life difficulties, but in addition through the remark that it can't be utilized effectively to represent determinate rational expectancies equilibria in intertemporal macroeco­ nomics. ultimately, fee surroundings agencies utilizing subjective call for capabilities are built-in in a dynamic disequilibrium version for you to research mo­ nopolistic and oligopolistic fee adjustment.

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Sample text

Objective equilibria are special cases, but there are no indications why objective equilibria should be more likely limiting outcomes of an (even very sophisticated) learning process. Nevertheless, objective equilibria are selections of subjective equilibria with respect to stability under unilateral, although fictitious experimentation, and they have been intensively investigated in the literature. In the following chapters, some models of imperfect competition will be presented for which objective equilibria and, in some earlier work, also subjective equilibria have been defined.

In a later paper, Benassy (1988) defines an objective equilibrium of the above specified dynamical system with strategic interaction (for the case £C = 0) and proves existence under the usual quasi-concavity assumption on profit functions. Formally, an objective equilibrium is defined by Definition 5: p* is an (objective) equilibrium with effective demand if (i) pi* E argmax { - (pi, p-j*)zj (pi, p-j*) I pi E lR~+} \if j E J , (ii) ZI(P*) = 0 \if l E LC . e. Zi{PI) = ~jl{PI,P~I) and ~(Pl) = Zjl{PI,p~l) for all PI and 1 E L j , except under very special circumstances.

As usual for Cournot competition, Therefore, sj after all firms choose production plans Y = (Yj)jEJ, an inverse demand function determines some prices while there may be other prices that remain unaffected. e. infinitely fast) to the market clearing level. e. from period to period. They are announced at the beginning of each period by an auctioneer who adjusts them according to the excess demand of the previous period. Thus, production decisions of firms in the actual period have no effect on prices of competitive goods, but they can have an effect on prices of strategic goods.

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