By Matar S., Hatch L.F.
In Chemistry of Petrochemical approaches, readers discover a convenient and priceless resource of data containing insights into petrochemical reactions and items, method know-how, and polymer synthesis. The ebook studies and describes the reactions and tactics eager about reworking petroleum-based hydrocarbons into the chemical substances that shape the foundation of the multi-billion buck petrochemical undefined. moreover, the booklet comprises details on new strategy advancements for the creation of uncooked fabrics and intermediates for petrochemicals that experience surfaced because the book's first edition.Provides a short realizing of the chemical reactions linked to oil and gasoline processingContains insights into petrochemical reactions and items, method know-how, and polymer synthesis.
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Additional info for Chemistry of Petrochemical Processes
At this point, the production of intermediates for petrochemicals is not separable from the production of fuels. In this chapter, the production of hydrocarbon intermediates is discussed in conjunction with different crude oil processing schemes. These include physical separation techniques and chemical conversion processes. The production of olefins is also discussed in the last section. PHYSICAL SEPARATION PROCESSES Physical separation techniques separate a mixture such as a crude oil without changing the chemical characteristics of the components.
ABSORPTION PROCESS This process selectively removes a certain gas from a gas mixture using a liquid absorbent. In the refining industry, this process is used extensively to free the product gas streams from acid gases (mainly H2S) either by using a physical or a chemical absorbent. Absorption of acid gases from natural gas are discussed in Chapter 1. ADSORPTION PROCESS Adsorption processes use a solid material (adsorbent) possessing a large surface area and the ability to selectively adsorb a gas or a liquid on its surface.
Ethane's relation with petrochemicals is mainly through its cracking to ethylene. S. 1 Chapter 3 discusses steam cracking of ethane. PROPANE (CH3CH2CH3) Propane is a more reactive paraffin than ethane and methane. This is due to the presence of two secondary hydrogens that could be easily substituted (Chapter 6). Propane is obtained from natural gas liquids or from refinery gas streams. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is a mixture of propane and butane and is mainly used as a fuel. The heating value of propane is 2,300 Btu/ft3.