Download Last War of the World-Island: The Geopolitics of by Alexander Dugin PDF

By Alexander Dugin

Alexander Dugin strains the geopolitical improvement of Russia from its origins in Kievan Rus and the Russian Empire, throughout the height of its international impact in the course of the Soviet period, and at last to the present presidency of Vladimir Putin. Dugin sees Russia because the basic geopolitical pole of the land-based civilizations of the realm, without end destined to be in clash with the sea-based civilizations. At one time the pole of the seafaring civilizations used to be the British Empire; this day it's represented by way of the USA and its NATO allies. Russia can purely satisfy its geopolitical undertaking by way of last towards the ocean powers. this day, in accordance with Dugin, this clash isn't just geopolitical in scope, but additionally ideological: Russia is the first consultant and defender of conventional values and idealism, while the West stands for the values of liberalism and the market-driven society. while Russia started to lose sight of its venture throughout the Nineteen Nineties and threatened to succumb to domination by way of the Western powers, Dugin believes that Putin has all started to right its direction and go back Russia to her right position. however the fight is way from over: whereas development has been made, Russia is still torn among its conventional nature and the enticements of globalism and Westernization, and its enemies undermine it at each flip. Dugin makes the case that it is just through last actual to the Eurasian direction that Russia can continue to exist and flourish in any actual experience - in a different way it will likely be diminished to a servile and secondary position on the planet, and the forces of liberalism will dominate the area, unopposed. Alexander Dugin (b. 1962) is without doubt one of the best-known writers and political commentators in post-Soviet Russia, having been lively in politics there because the Eighties. as well as the numerous books he has authored on political, philosophical, and religious subject matters, he's the chief of the foreign Eurasia flow, which he based. For greater than a decade, he has been an consultant to Vladimir Putin and the Kremlin on geopolitical issues, and used to be head of the dep. of Sociology at Moscow nation collage. Arktos has additionally released his books, The Fourth Political concept (2012), Putin vs Putin: Vladimir Putin considered from the proper (2014), and Eurasian challenge: An creation to Neo-Eurasianism (2014).

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Download Theatre as Action: Soviet Russian Avant-Garde Aesthetics by Lars Kleberg PDF

By Lars Kleberg

After the 1917 revolution, Russian and Soviet avant-garde theatre tried to create a brand new artwork for post-revolutionary society. This reconsideration of the Russian avant-garde theatre investigates the burgeoning new drama/theatre kinds of the interval. Kleberg considers assumptions made concerning the viewers and by means of the viewers, and seeks to figure out even if discrepancies existed among the 2. providing clean insights into the modernist interval of Russian theatre, Theatre as motion offers a brand new typology of the stage/audience dating in modernist Russian theatre. Constructivism of the 1920's is mentioned on mild of the performs of Meyerhold, Eisenstein, and Treytykov. The relation of the Soviet Russian avant-garde to the aesthetics of Bertold Brecht can also be tested. This unique, accomplished paintings is an immense contribution to our figuring out of the war of words of definitely the right and the truth of Soviet 1920's, revealing the Wagnerian and Symbolist utopia underneath, and its predicament. it will likely be of specific curiosity to scholars of literature and drama.

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Download Economic Autonomy and Democracy: Hybrid Regimes in Russia by Kelly M. McMann PDF

By Kelly M. McMann

How do contributors choose to workout their democratic rights? This booklet argues that they first determine their financial autonomy, which means their skill to make a dwelling autonomous of presidency gurus. ahead of members examine even if their assets and organizational skills are enough to behave on their pursuits, they calculate the danger of political activism to their livelihood. this can be really obvious in areas of the area the place states monopolize the financial system and therefore can effortlessly harass activists at their offices. monetary autonomy hyperlinks capitalism and democracy via members' calculations approximately activism. money owed of activists' judgements approximately constructing autonomous media, best political agencies, and working for workplace and outlines of executive harassment in Russia and Kyrgyzstan, in addition to examples from so much areas of the area, illustrate those arguments. financial autonomy and the interplay between democratic rights support clarify the worldwide proliferation of hybrid regimes, governments that exhibit either democratic and authoritarian features.

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Download Belarus : A Denationalized Nation by David Marples PDF

By David Marples

In any review and figuring out of Belarus, the most important inquiries to tackle contain; why has Belarus it sounds as if rejected independence lower than its first president Alyaksandr Lukashenka, and sought a union with Russia? Why has the govt rejected democracy, infringed at the human rights of its voters and essentially altered its structure in favour of presidential authority? Has the rustic made any growth towards industry reforms? How have Russia and the West spoke back to the activities of Belarus? and what's the long run prone to carry for its ten million electorate? The author's conclusions are positive. Belarus, he believes, will live on into the twenty-first century, yet as a Eurasian instead of a eu state.

1st version used to be released through Harwood educational Publishers, 1999.

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Download Nationalizing the Russian Empire: The Campaign against Enemy by Eric Lohr PDF

By Eric Lohr

Eric Lohrs Studie beschäftigt sich mit verschiedenen Methoden, die der späte zaristische Staat während des Ersten Weltkrieges dazu nutzte Bevölkerungsgruppen, die als Rußland fremd und daher potentiell feindlich gesinnt verstandenen wurden, zu verfolgen. Diese Maßnahmen schlossen unter anderem Deportationen oder zwangsweise Migrationen, Enteignungen sowie die Zulassung oder Provokation von Pogromen ein. Auch illustriert Lohr hier ausführlich, daß diese Verfolgungen vom Grossteil der russischen Bevölkerung unterstützt wurden, ja die Regierung manchmal gegen spontane Pogrome der russischen Bevölkerung gegen Nichtrussen einzuschreiten hatte beziehungsweise einzuschreiten versuchte.
Für die deutsche Leserschaft dürfte dieses Buch auch deshalb interessant sein, da es bei Lohr oft um das widersprüchliche Verhalten der russischen Regierung gegenüber den verschiedenen deutschstämmigen Gruppen, wie den Baltendeutschen und deutschen Siedlern, geht. Dies warfare nicht zuletzt eine Folge der Präsenz deutschstämmiger Personen am Zarenhof und im Beamtenapparat, used to be womöglich ein wichtiger Bestimmungsfaktor für die Februarrevolution von 1917 struggle. Auch ist es aus deutscher Sicht verblüffend zu beobachten, daß die zaristische Regierung in ihrem Verhalten gegenüber Nichtrussen die jüdische Bevölkerung des Zarenreiches in vieler Hinsicht mit der deutschstämmigen gleichsetzte. Wichtig ist zudem Lohrs Hinweis darauf, daß die mit breiter Unterstüzung in der russischen Bevölkerung durchgeführten xenophoben Kampagnen einen wichtigen Hintergrund für das dann überproportionale Engagement deutsch- und jüdischstämmiger sowie anderer nichtrussischer junger Männer und Frauen in den revolutionären Bewegungen des späten Zarismus darstellte (S. 169).
Aufschlußreich ist weiterhin Lohrs theoretische Perspektive auf die Ursachen und Mechanismen des Anstiegs nationalistischer Gefühle und Aktionen. Er sieht den Formierungsprozeß von Nationalismen weniger als einen langfristigen und kontinuierlichen Prozeß sondern als geprägt von markanten, mobilisierenden Schlüsselereignissen, die quasi als Katalysatoren für Nationswerdungsprozesse wirken, an. Er konzipiert den Ersten Weltkrieg und die damit zusammenhängenden Kampagnen innerhalb des Russischen Reiches als einen solchen Schub in der Prägung des russischen Nationalbewußtseins und Nationalismus.
Eine derartige Interpretation stellt nicht nur eine gute Rechtfertigung für die Fokussierung Lohrs auf eine eng eingegrenzte Geschichtsperiode bei der Beleuchtung des russischen Nationswerdungsprozesses dar. Diese theoretische Perspektive kann auch dazu dienen, die oft von russischer und teilweise auch westlich-russophiler Seite beklagte angeblich mangelnde Ausprägung des heutigen russischen Nationalbewußtseins (z.B. bei Geoffrey Hosking) zu hinterfragen. Wenn es bereits Anfang des vergangenen Jahrhunderts eine derart tiefgehende, in alle Bevölkerungsteile hineinreichende und in depth Identifikation mit der russischen kingdom sowie darüber hinaus erhebliche Xenophobie unter den Russen gegeben hat, ist schwer nachzuvollziehen, wie guy heute noch von einem Rückstand in der Nationsbildung der Russen sprechen kann. Da es bereits lange vor der Russifizierungskampagne und dem Antisemitismus unter Stalin sowie dem Wiedererblühen des russischen Nationalismus seit Breznev ein derart markantes katalysierendes Ereignis in der Entwicklung des russischen Nationalismus gegeben hat, scheint ein Befürwortung des Erstarkens des russischen Nationalbewußtsein heute als nur wenig verständlich (wobei anzumerken ist, daß Lohr derartige weitergehende, hier von mir eingeführte Implikationen seines Buches womöglich nicht bejahen würde).
Obwohl Lohr hier nur eine thematisch und zeitlich eng eingegrenzte Episode in der Evolution des russischen Nationalismus beleuchtet, ist seine Studie bedeutsam, da es eben ein Schlüsselereignis in diesem Prozeß beleuchtet. Lohr tut dies zudem mit einer Gründlichkeit und theoretischen Finesse, die seine Studie als in vieler Hinsicht beispielhaft erscheinen läßt.

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Download Stalin's Cold War: Soviet Foreign Policy, Democracy and by V. Dimitrov PDF

By V. Dimitrov

This paintings deals a massive new interpretation of the Stalin's function within the gestation of the chilly battle. in keeping with vital new facts, Dimitrov finds Stalin's actual efforts to maintain his global warfare II alliance with the USA and Britain and to inspire a level of cooperation among communists and democratic events in japanese Europe.

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Download The Struggle for Constitutionalism in Poland by M. Brzezinski PDF

By M. Brzezinski

This first time in paperback is the easiest accomplished exam of the improvement of constitutionalism in Poland. specifically, this ebook examines Poland's long term constitutional historical past, the adoption of a brand new constitutional framework after 1989, and the institution of constructions and tactics designed to institutionalize enduring recognize for constitutional principles and ideas. though carrying on with demanding situations in Poland, the foundation for constitutionalism in keeping with notions of constrained govt and reflective of ecu constitutional norms has emerged from the cave in of the communist approach of power.

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Download Strikes and Revolution in Russia, 1917 by Diane P. Koenker, William G. Rosenberg PDF

By Diane P. Koenker, William G. Rosenberg

More than seventy years because the Bolsheviks got here to energy, there's nonetheless no complete examine of staff' activism in history's first winning employees' revolution. moves and Revolution in Russia, 1917 is the 1st attempt in any language to discover this factor in either quantitative and qualitative phrases and to narrate moves to the wider methods of Russia's innovative transformation. Diane Koenker and William Rosenberg not just offer a brand new foundation for knowing crucial parts of Russia's social and political heritage during this severe interval but in addition make a robust contribution to the literature on ecu exertions activities. utilizing statistical recommendations, yet with out letting technique dominate their dialogue, the authors study such significant difficulties because the mobilization of work and administration, manufacturing unit kinfolk, perceptions, the formation of social identities, and the connection among hard work protest and politics in 1917. They problem universal assumptions by way of displaying that a lot strike job in 1917 should be understood as regimen, yet also they are in a position to display how the nature of moves started to switch and why.

Originally released in 1990.

The Princeton Legacy Library makes use of the newest print-on-demand expertise to back make to be had formerly out-of-print books from the celebrated backlist of Princeton collage Press. those paperback variants guard the unique texts of those very important books whereas featuring them in sturdy paperback variations. The objective of the Princeton Legacy Library is to tremendously elevate entry to the wealthy scholarly history present in the millions of books released by means of Princeton college Press considering the fact that its founding in 1905.

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